Free resources for Setsubun 2022 – setsubun is normally on February 3rd annually. However, in 2021 for the first time in 124 years, it fell on February 2nd. This year its back to the usual date of February 3rd. Setsubun marks the end of winter. Most families celebrate at home, but there are also dozens of events carried out at community centers, temples and shrines nationwide. Unfortunately, in 2021 Setsubun fell during the State of Emergency. Even if there is no State of Emergency in 2022, there is a high chance that many of the temples and shrines will not go ahead with their setsubun festivals, so it might be another year of celebrating setsubun at home. Hopefully, the resources included in this post will help with making it a special day for the kids. Skip to the free resources for Setsubun.
The Mamemaki or bean throwing ceremony is a key element of Setsubun. In Tokyo, there are temples where famous people, often sumo wrestlers, throw the beans, and sometimes money, from a dias out to the excited crowd. We participate in this bean throwing ceremony locally in Kitain Temple in Kawagoe. Most preschools and children community centers also carry out bean throwing. As well as participating in fun crafts and activities to mark the day.
The purpose of the festival is to rid your house of demons and welcome good luck for the coming year. Hence, we chant oni wa soto, fuku ha uchi “demons out, good luck in” as we throw beans out the door or at the head of the household who dresses up as a demon. To this end kids often make oni masks for the ceremony and/or for playing dress up. If you eat the same number of beans as your age it is believed you will have good health for the year. You can read more about the festival on the on Wikipedia .
Back in 2015 when I first wrote this post, we were preparing for Setsubun from mid January. Reading oni (demon) stories and talking together about setsubun. My kids are a six years older now! So we celebrate a little different. But the bean throwing is an integral part of our celebration. As younger kids they made masks and holders for the roasted beans used during the bean throwing ceremony. You will find lots of resources below to make everything you need for Setsubun this year!
The beans are easy to come by in Japan at this time of year. Many shops sell commercialized mini-packs of roasted beans or nuts some with flavors. I bought ours from a home delivery shopping service, Coop. For people overseas: it will depend on the country, but sometimes you can pick them up in an ‘Asian Market’. You can also find them on online. Unfortunately, in 2022 as in 2021, shipping maybe restricted.
You can always improvise too, with nuts or even fake beans! Even without the ‘real’ beans there are several ways to mark the occasion. I wanted to share some of the setsubun and mamemaki teaching, craft and activity resources available online. Whether you are living and/or teaching in Japan, or a Japanese living abroad, or just looking for something to do with the kids on February 3rd, you will find something fun among these free setsubun art and craft resources. Most of these ideas are most suitable for toddlers and preschoolers.
Free Resources for Setsubun
Japanese Oni ; devils, demons, trolls or ogres
Japanese demons are depicted with 1 or 2 conical horns on their heads. They are often red, blue or green in color. They usually wear tiger skinned pants. In addition, you can often see them adorned with gold jewelry as it is said they have a fondness of gold. They also carry a “kanabo”, a metal club. Oni are believed to be strong anyway, but carrying a club makes them invincible. There is a saying in Japanese “like giving a kanabo to an oni”. It means making somebody who is already strong or at an advantage, even stronger. Supposedly Oni are derived from rakshasas in Indian culture.
You can draw your own, or you can use the free print outs in the links below to make a mask for setsubun. There are a number of ways you can turn the free print outs or a hand drawn oni into masks. First color (where necessary) the demon and cut it out. If you want to make a mask that covers the face you can stick a rectangular strip of paper to each ear and tape the open ends around an elastic band. For a “mask” that is worn above the face, on the forehead, you can simply stick the cut out to a head band or even a cap or make your own band out of paper.
- Information in English from Boston Children’s Museum. (2022 – the link to the mask seems to be down, even if you go in through the lessons page, but I’m leaving the link live in case they fix it)
- Pre-coloured, as well as colour-your-own free printables from Happy Lilac.
- A range of free downloads including masks and oni paper crafts with instructions, in Japanese but visual ,from Canon.
- Remove the Xs on the ears of these demons and use elastic to complete these easy masks.
- Cut-the-eyes-out selection from nurie.ciao.jp
- Cute oni from paper museum
Kanabo Metal club Crafts
Carrying a ‘kanabo’ demon’s metal club adds to the overall effect!
- Make your own oni’s club with things you can find around the house. This post is in the Japanese language, but it has very good, easy to follow, visuals.
- For smaller children this pet bottle and caps club is quick and easy. Again, Japanese language, but really easy to follow as there is a photo for each step.
- For older children or adults you can find woodwork and crafts online to make some really convincing demon clubs! Due to the popularity of warrior games, there are dozens of Youtube videos on how to make Kanabo. A quick search on Google or Youtube with “how to make a kanabo” will bring them up.
- A youtube video on how to make the pants out of a yellow colored plastic bag! The text is in Japanese, but again very easy to follow visuals.
- A popular Japanese children’s song about the Oni’s pants!
- A recipe for “Demon’s Shorts” Oni no Pants Steamed buns. Click “more” under the video and you can see the ingredients and cooking instructions in English.
Oni Colouring pages
- One horned demon from kids-nurie.com
- Different setsubun no hi scenes from nurieya-san.
- Cute girl and boy oni from Illust-box
- Coloring pages from HappyLilac
A huge selection of colored setsubun print outs and posters. There are also Valentine’s and other February scenes within the pages and pages of freebies!
We eat ehomaki on Setsubun. Here’s a recipe to make your own as well as other food ideas for Setsubun.
- How to make your own Ehomaki by Fiona Uyema
- Setsubun ONI Kinako Chocolate Cream Sand Cookie Youtube video from MosoGourmet
- “Daizu-kun” Kinako ( Toasted soybean flour ) Snow Ball Recipe Youtube video from MosoGourmet
- As aforementioned a recipe for “Demon’s Shorts” Oni no Pants Steamed buns from MosoGourmet
Keep scrolling for even more free resources for Setsubun!
Mamemaki Bean holders
In order to throw the beans, you need something to carry them in right!? In fairness, if you are in Japan you can in theory just use the packaging them come in. They are usually the ideal size for kids to hold. But if you buy in bulk and / or want to make it more fun for the kids, crafting their own “mamemaki” holders adds to the memories!
Milk carton setsubun mamemaki holders
One of the most popular and easiest kid’s craft for mamemaki holders is cutting a milk carton in half, piercing a hole in each side and using pipe cleaners as a handle. In the right hand (your left!) of my son in the photo to the left.
Paper cup setsubun mamemaki holders
One of the more original mamemaki holders I saw was on Hiragana Mama’s blog; a decorated paper cup. I strongly recommend you take a look around her blog, its absolutely fantastic with lots of great ideas for all of the Japanese annual celebrations and traditions.
Origami mamemaki holders
This year we are using origami boxes. This origami box paper craft is one of my favourite practical uses of origami. You don’t need origami paper as this easy to make box uses rectangle shaped paper such as an A4 sheet of paper.
Other Setsubun Origami
These are just some ideas and resources you can use to enjoy the Japanese February 3rd end of year festival by chasing away demons. You can read about our experience at a temple bean throwing festival here. Disclaimer: I have no affiliation to any of the external links I posted in this article.