What to expect at a Dezome Shiki - an acrobatic firefighter in Edo period firefighting costume on a bamboo ladder with a large "Dezome Shiki" banner hanging from a fire truck's ladder.

Please note that in 2024 several dezome shiki have been cancelled as fire brigades around Japan help with earthquake relief / aid in the Noto Peninsula further to the large earthquake on New Year’s Day. Below is an account of a visit to Dezome Shiki in the past, but first – all about the dezome shiki…

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Dezome Shiki

What is a dezome shiki?

A dezome shiki is a fire fighters ceremony unique to Japan. Traditionally it involved mainly ladder acrobats, but nowadays it often involves a parade of fire fighters and / or fire brigade vehicles. There are live demonstrations of fire fighters skills and capabilities, sometimes involving helicopters and / or other brigade vehicles. Often there is a water jet demonstration too. Dezome Shiki firefighter in pose atop a bamboo ladder in Kawagoe City, Saitama. New Years tradition in Japan.

Where can I see dezome shiki?

The fire brigade carry out Dezome shiki all around Japan. Not every city has one, but usually each district does. A district can incorporate a few different cities and / or towns. The largest in Japan is Tokyo’s New Year fire brigade event. They air it live on national TV on January 6th annually. Thankfully in 2024 things are back to normal and you can see the performances in various places around Japan. Here are 20 places you can see dezome shiki in Saitama Prefecture in 2024.

When can I see dezome shiki?

Dezome shiki is usually carried out within the first two weeks of January. Some have a fixed date they use annually, regardless of the day of the week. And some choose a date annually; its not always a weekend – it is quite common for the event to be carried out on a weekday.

Where can I get information about my town’s dezome shiki?

Sometimes a town or city’s official website will post information about the local event. However, this is not always the case, so the best thing to do is figure out what district your local fire station is under and look up the district’s website. They will have information about the New Year firefighter events in your area.

Visiting a Dezome Shiki

In 2022 we went to the Kawagoe District’s new year firefighting celebration held at the Kawagoe City Hall, as in the reel above. But the following though is an account of our visit to the Kawajima branch of Kawagoe District’s Shiki in 2019 at Heisei No Mori Park as well as general information about the Dezome Shiki. We had a few different personal reasons as to why we wanted to attend the one in Kawajima in 2019.

For one, we hadn’t been to this one before even though its relatively close to our house. Another; our friend, who is a reserve and volunteer firefighter, was participating in the demonstrations on the day. And most compelling: our daughter was playing in a band at the ceremony!

What to expect

Japanese firemen lined up

The event kicks off with a ceremony and blessing for the fire fighters. Town officials including the town’s Mayor join in the ceremony. They raise the Japanese flag and the flag of the fire brigade district and open a “kusudama”.

Dezome shiki

A kusadama is a golden ball, like a cross between a pinata and a party popper, that is opened during celebrations in Japan. When they open it confetti and a banner drop down from inside, as in the picture above.


Dezome Shiki Helicopter rescue

Demonstrations include basic fire fighting techniques as well as more elaborate challenges. We were particularly impressed by the demonstration of a helicopter rescue. There are often obstacle course demonstrations too, where firefighters perform a rescue or a fire drowning activity through a maze of obstacles.

Dezome Shiki

Another regular feature of most firefighter’s new year events include a demonstration of water power. They use wo/man power or machines or both to show off the water capabilities of the brigade. Huge jets of water are aimed at a specific target(s) to the delight of the spectators. The water is usually recycled.

A kawagoe firefighter performs Ladder acrobatics at a New Year Firefighter festival called a dezome shiki
At the Kawagoe City Hall Dezome Shiki

Other events vary greatly by district. This particular dezome shiki didn’t have ladder acrobatics, as in the Instagram reel a couple of paragraphs up, which are one of the more traditional aspects of this event. Firefighters dress up in the fireman wear of the Edo period, which is nothing like it is today. They climb ladders, often bamboo ladders, and perform acrobatics on the ladders. You can see ladder acrobatics at the main dezome shiki for Kawagoe at Kawagoe City Hall, as pictured above.

Dezome Shiki

The festival in Kawajima does have some traditional Japanese entertainment though in the form of Shishimai, the lion dance of Japan. This particular Shishimai was accompanied by traditional Japanese music and told a folklore tale in rhythm and dance.

Dezome shiki

Music is generally part of every dezome shiki. Be it traditional Japanese type such as taiko drums, which was also an element of the festival in Kawajima in 2019. But the majority of the festivals involve the fire department band performing in full dress uniform. Sometimes local musicians will also perform, as was the case in Kawajima last year.

Kawamin and Kawabe, the mascots of Kawajima Town

At the Kawagoe District Kawajima firefighters New Year festival the Kawajima Town mascots also made an appearance at the ceremony. They were around during the period of the demonstrations too, for people to get a photo with them.

Kawagoe Dezome Shiki Information 2024

⚠Both the Kawagoe and Kawajima DezomeShiki have been cancelled in 2024 due to the earthquake in the Noto Peninsula on New Year’s Day 2024.

Date: on Saturday January 6th 2024 in Kawajima town and Sunday January 7th 2024 in Kawagoe.

Time: the Kawajima branch dezome shiki is on from 9 am to 10.40 am. The Kawagoe branch is from 9 am to 11 am.

Kawagoe District Fire Engines

Location: Cancelled. The Kawajima branch of Kawagoe District’s dezome shiki festival takes part in the car park of the Kawajima Town Office and Kawajima Town Library. Both of which are beside Heisei No Mori Park where you can park for free. The library and town offices car park is closed off to the public during the period of the event. Map below.

Cancelled. The main Kawagoe Dezome Shiki takes place at the car park in front of Kawagoe City Hall.

Official event web page.


    1. Author

      I really like these type of “only in Japan” events.

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